ndia is gearing up to launch its first ever dedicated astronomy mission called ASTROSAT intended for examining distant celestial objects. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is planning to launch the satellite in October 2015.
It will be propelled into space by PSLV C-34 once it attains a height of around 650km from the equatorial orbit around the Earth.
ASTROSAT will be the first observatory set up in space by the ISRO just like NASA’s Hubble telescope. The Indian space agency will be directing its astronomy mission into orbit to observe interpretations in Ultraviolet (UV), optical, low and high energy X-ray wavebands.
A team of scientists at the ISRO have also piloted all the essential mechanical fit checks of ASTROSAT. Only when the results came out to be promising, the spacecraft was accumulated.
Despite this, ASTROSAT will undergo a battery of additional tests before being transported to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The satellite will be put through a cluster of environmental tests such as like Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Thermal Vacuum, Vibration, and Acoustic tests.
ASTROSAT will be sent into orbit later this year with one UV telescope, four X-ray payloads and a charge particle monitor. Two of its consignments are maintained by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and University of Leiscester (UoL) in the UK. In addition to the ISRO, four other Indian institutions are also involved in developing payloads.
Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Raman Research Institute (RRI) and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) are also engaged in the payload operations.